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For some time, good Governance has been at the heart of the debate to justify the African continent’s development delay.

The debates that arise in general poured into the public universe tend to be reduced either to a fad or banality becoming rehashed.

Debates lose their relevance, becoming a catch-all where subsistence is the loss to the profit, alas, of the derisory.

Everyone today talks about Governance or its lack to explain the backwardness of the African continent. There was a time when Afro-optimists and Afro-pessimists argued.

This writing is neither. It is simply aimed at a behavioural assessment of actors concerning the components for which they are responsible: individuals, households, companies, State and investors, both local and foreign Governance concerns them all to different degrees of impact.

What is good Governance? This is all that does not curb the propensity for an increase in the population’s progress in all areas. These areas are general and sectoral. It could be summed up as well-being and the perpetual quest for the well-being of people.

They affect health, education, the development of young people and women, support it through the recognition and support of people with disabilities, basic infrastructure, finance, resources and expenditure, balances family, national and regional. This list cannot be exhaustive.

Africa is made up of 54 countries to date. It would be illusory to think that these countries, at the same time, will rise, through good Governance, to the happiness which will be its culmination. Despite the supranational bodies set up by the African Union, such as the Peer Review Mechanism (APRM), which is dedicated to monitoring good Governance, countries will not move in the same direction or pace in the best case. First of all, membership in such a mechanism is not compulsory. To my knowledge, around thirty countries have freely consented to it out of 54 countries. That’s a good thing in itself. But what happens very often in Africa the performances are never continuous. It would be understandable if the inevitable economic cycles once called the lean and fat era were the reason.

When ECOWAS set up the criteria for economic and financial convergence with the evaluation of countries each year, I noticed that the countries with the best performances out of one or two were totally in the queue and stayed there several years later. This means that the arrangements are not sustained to the point of being sustainable.

It was on purpose that I started with the “didactic” criteria of good Governance and tried to show how much they vary between performance and underperformance.

The heart of good Governance is corruption: embezzlement of public funds resulting in nepotism and total immorality. This phenomenon is born and develops on a fact linked to precariousness. It encourages a whole cohort of so-called friends and relatives to seize their chances by stroking the power-holder of all the qualifiers of excellence and uniqueness.

A small penny that is embezzled is a penny that fails to fund a clinic, hospital or school. Ultimately corruption is a plague on the continent. It will not be a question of simply denouncing this scourge.

It will be a question of giving to those who carry it the cardinal virtue of saying, of getting involved by the appropriate means in all that can bring the populations the light on the unity of the means to stem the poverty of which they are today victims.

We have to know how many African States have understood that in the new generation of sons and daughters of the country, some are bearers of the values ​​of competence and good morals capable of initiating, and of spreading good, the experiences acquired once inside the country they will have to be protected in every possible way.

Without it insidiously, they will be dragged down, that is to say, towards a skilled routine that will be the tomb of their acquired potential.

In summary, I like to say that it is a development like a hot air balloon. This is supposed to take off and rise by propulsion using helium gas. If weights of all kinds are suspended from the cabin, there are three realities.

First, the hot air balloon does not rise at all (the retention force is greater than the propulsive force).

Second, the hot air balloon rises without reaching fullness, although the higher propulsion will not reach cruising speed.

And third, when aware of the phenomenon, the promoters want to correct it by relieving the cabin of the weights, but when they do not do it in an orderly manner, the hot air balloon will rise, but it will crash because it is unbalanced.

Finally, good concept, harmony between all internal and external stakeholders and the solidity of political, economic and social institutions seem to me to be the basis for our countries to take off. Very often, it is not the financial means that are lacking.

It is good design and good clarity on what Africa wants and is lacking.

His Excellency Lansana Kouyaté is a Guinean politician and diplomat who served as  Prime Minister of Guinea (2007). In June 1994, Lansana became the Assistant Secretary-General in the UN Department of Political Affairs, one of his first missions being a tour around ECOWAS member states to discuss the situation in Liberia.

He continued his involvement in discussions to build regional support for a resolution of the First Liberian Civil War. He left this job in September 1997 to become the Executive Secretary of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), a post he held until February 2002.  

He received different distinctions and decorations such as Commander of the Mono Order (Togo, 1998), Commander of the Order of the Star of Africa (Liberia, 1998), Commander of the Legion of Honor (France, 2000), Commander of the National Order of Mali (Mali,2001), Commander of the Memorial Peace (Awarded to UNESCO ) by the International Association of Soldiers for Peace “Association peacekeepers of the UN”, Graduated from the Gold Medal of the Universal League of Public Good N ° 45729, awarded on April 08, 2019 in Paris, Crans Montana Forum Prize (2001) or African Leadership Award (Morocco, 2015).

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